7 breakthrough technologies from 2014

It might seem a small thing, but an integrated circuit operating at 1 terahertz, or 1 trillion cycles per second, could really change the game for wireless communications. Northrop Grumman engineers, working under a DARPA program, did just that with the Terahertz Monolithic Integrated Circuit, which received official recognition from Guinness World Records as the world’s fastest chip. Teraherz speed opens the door to a raft of revolutionary possibilities, including high-resolution security imaging, better collision-avoidance radar, super-capacious communications networks and highly sensitive spectroscopy for detecting dangerous chemicals and explosives.

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