What is ITAR and EAR?


The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) are two important United States export control laws that affect the manufacturing, sales and distribution of technology. These regulations seek to control access to specific types of technology and the associated data. Their goal is to prevent the disclosure or transfer of sensitive information to a foreign national.

ITAR dictates that information and material pertaining to defense and military related technologies (items listed on the U.S. Munitions List) may only be shared with U.S. persons unless authorization from the Department of State is received or a special exemption is used.

EAR governs whether a person may export a thing from the U.S., reexport the thing from a foreign country, or transfer a thing from one person to another in a foreign country. The EAR apply to physical things (sometimes referred to as “commodities”) as well as technology and software.

Both federal prime contractors and subcontractors need to comply to these two important export control laws. There is a formal registration process and a registration fee.

Click here to review a presentation on Export Controls–ITAR and Associated Requirements.